source: WikiPedia, GTP.gr, justgreece.com
Olympos (Greek: Όλυμπος) is a village and a former community on the island of Karpathos, in the Dodecanese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Karpathos, of which it is a municipal unit. It is located in the northern part of the island. Population 556 (2011). The municipal unit includes Saria Island and the uninhabited islets of Astakída, Atsakidópoúlo, Divoúnia, and Chamilí. The total land area of the community is 104.876 km².
In antiquity in this place there was the Doric city Vrykous or Vrycous. Vrykous was one of the three ancient cities of Karpathos. It was located near the village Avlona. Today a small part of the city and the walls are preserved as well as some ruins from graves and three old Christian churches.The city of Vrykous was kept until the 7th or 8th century. Then the residents sought refuge in more mountainous areas on account of Saracen pirates. The refugees from Vrykous founded Olympos possibly in those years. Olympos was named after the mountain where it is built. The name of the village is feminine (Η Όλυμπος/I Olympos) contrary to the name of the mountain that is masculine (Ό Όλυμπος/O Olympos). The name Elympos (Έλυμπος) is used, mainly by local villagers. The villagers of Olympos kept the local dialect and the traditional costume due to the isolation of this place from the rest of Karpathos. The traditional style of the village attracts many tourists nowadays.
The settlement spreads out along both sides of the mountain line where the series of graphic pedal-shaped windmills are to be found. The traditional housing of Olympos are single leveled one-roomed houses with only one additional room serving as a kitchen. Olympos preserves a rich folk tradition even today. The local dialect preserves impressive remnants of ancient and Medieval Greek. The custom of “enjoyment” which is still observed to a great degree and the traditional costume worn still by the older women as well as the young during festivals, make Olympos an oasis of traditional culture in our times.
Diafani (Dhiafàni). Diafani is the second largest port of the Greek island of Karpathos and it is located in the northeast of the island, 70 kilometers (43 mi) from the capital of Pigadia. Diafani is a traditional fishing village that is accessible by road through the villages of Aperi and Spoa. You can also travel to Diafani, daily, by boat from Pigadia. During summer these boats are filled with tourists who want to visit the mountain village of Olympos. Diafani is the seaside resort and supply port of the mountain village of Olympos.
In Diafani there are several pebble beaches and swimming in the clear water is a real pleasure. The most famous beaches are Diafani Beach and Vananda beach, which is accessible by foot. In the middle of the bay of Diafani is a construction pier where ships and colorful fishing boats moor. In Diafani are no big hotels, but there are some family hotels and rooms for rent.
Diafani is ideal for people who love peace and nature rather than masses of tourists. Here you can avoid crowds. This area was inhabited since ancient times. Archaeological excavations brought to light a Mycenaean tomb. In addition, important objects were found and reserved in the British Museum. In Diafani you’ll find some seafood taverns, where delicious fresh fish is readily available at very low prices.
Around Diafani lie low hills with pine trees, with a rugged backdrop of the high mountains of Olympos. On top of the hills are some abandoned mills. There are three churches in the village, each with a red tile dome. The largest church is Zoodochos Pigi (Life Bestowing Source). From Diafani you can take a boat to the small island of Saria, or to beautiful beaches on Karpathos.